War Before Civilization: the Myth of the Peaceful Savage

Lawrence Keeley’s book, War Before Civilization: the myth of the peaceful savage, is perfect. It cannot be improved upon. I shall explain.

The basic assertions of the book are that war before civilization – which means written records –  was frequent, endemic, extremely violent, total, murderous, and that it engaged  the whole population of the tribes and family groupings involved, men women and children, and involved high proportionate fatalities. It was not ceremonial, ineffective, and rare, nor did it touch only the young men of the tribe. Peace was difficult to negotiate for many reasons, including because the reparations involved could generate new causes of war, for non-payment. There was always another death  to avenge.  No sovereign interposed itself because such a sovereign required statehood, and statehood lay far into the future. So deadly and ubiquitous was the violence that many peoples accepted European colonial justice readily as the less horrible solution to endemic violence.

The author shows the archaeological evidence of bones, arrowheads, spear wounds, fortifications, mass graves of men, women and children. He also relies on the accounts of witnesses from the “primitive” tribes themselves as they were recorded by Europeans in the early stages of first contact.

He also examines the economic rationales for pre-civilized bands to wage war, which are powerful and many. Winning societies gain access to resources by driving off competitors, whether for arable land, hunting grounds, or resources, such as obsidian for weapons or salt deposits.

Professor Keeley confronts the vast efforts of denial attempted by western anthropologists to disguise the war-like history of mankind prior to European colonial contact, and the absurd denials of reality. He argues against what he calls the “pacification of the past”.

He writes:

“The doctrines of the pacified past unequivocally imply that the only asnwer to “the mighty scourge of war” is a return to tribal conditions and the destruction of all civilization. But since the primitive and prehistoric worlds were, in fact, quite violent, it seems that the only practical prospect for universal peace must be more civilization, not less.” (p179)

Keeley situates the issue of war in the context of a continuing debate between the realists, who are, roughly speaking, followers of Thomas Hobbes, who felt that, tp achieve peace,  only the interposition of a powerful sovereign  could solve the problem of human violence, and followers of the illusory twaddle of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, who felt that civilization was the source of all our discontents.

“If Westerners have belatedly recognized that they are not the crown of creation and rightful lords of the earth, their now common view of themselves as humanity’s nadir is equally absurd.”

Why is this book so perfect?

  1. It is directed to the general audience of intelligent readers.
  2. It is only two hundred pages long. Brevity is the soul of wit.
  3. It is does not divert from the issue into irrelevant matters, or academic asides.
  4. It is well researched, but not pedantic.
  5. It confronts an important issue – the untruth of the pacific human past – and demolishes it.

The book is an antidote to all thought that the absence of police will engender a state of peace between people and peoples.

Arran Gold

> absence of police will engender a state of peace between people and peoples.

The purpose of defunding the police is to facilitate move to a state where the rioters take the first small step of changing their slogan from “I can’t breathe” to “I can’t think”. Then more substantive changes will follow in a positive direction, albeit via a detour.

Rebel Yell

All totalitarian regimes attempt to invent fictitious pasts to glorify themselves. Which is why Canada and other Western countries are already in a totalitarian mindset right now. Remember, if you can say ‘two plus two equals four, all else follows’. It’s just a little ‘nuanced’ in Canada or the US or the UK, ‘men and women are two different sexes’ (see JK Rowlings’ recent escapade) is our Winston Smith moment.

Dalwhinnie

Arran Gold responded:
The purpose of defunding the police is to facilitate move to a state where the rioters take the first small step of changing their slogan from “I can’t breathe” to “I can’t think”. Then more substantive changes will follow in a positive direction, albeit via a detour.
What I am saying is that this is a blessing in disguise. The polling shows that the support for defunding is between 16-17% for all three groups – Dems, Repubs & Independents. This reminds me of the 1972 election in US. “Never interrupt your enemy when he is making a mistake.”
1. A more appropriate slogan this rabble should be shouting is “I can’t think.” instead of about breathing because this is lunatic fringe who really think they know what is going on. This is not just poor education this is a total lack of common sense.
2. Eventually sanity will return, i.e. substantive changes, but before that there will be pain. If police is defunded it will the repeat of NY blackout riots every day. Businesses will leave as is already happening.
https://www.startribune.com/manufacturer-that-burned-during-mpls-riots-plans-to-move-out-of-the-city/571104922/?refresh=true
If the broader population decides these guys are simply insane and vote to return Trump to office after 4-years of Russia, riots and all the other Deep State machinations this will be unbearable given the fragile emotional state of the Trump haters.
There will be detour, and a painful one, but eventually sanity will return. Plus most of this is happening in Dem controlled cities. If they want to commit suicide then go ahead because that is the path they are choosing. The Dem party needs to be rescued from itself.

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